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ThinkMind // AMBIENT 2017, The Seventh International Conference on Ambient Computing, Applications, Services and Technologies // View article ambient_2017_2_30_40037


Mobile Low Cost system for Environmental Monitoring in Emergency Situations

Authors:
Virginia Perez-Garrancho
Laura Garcia
Sandra Sendra
Jaime Lloret

Keywords: environmental monitoring; arduino; Android App; sensors; fire detection; mobile nodes; emergeny situations

Abstract:
Each year forest fires destroy large forest areas damaging the ecosystem they held. When these fires occur in residential areas, they also present a big danger to the inhabitants of the area, who must find a way to escape themselves from fire. Emergency services should also be able to determine possible access and evacuation routes. It is very difficult to have deployed networks that remain active, so in this paper, we propose the use of citizens' private vehicles to install sensor nodes capable of collecting data from the environment and send this data, through the telephone of their drivers to a database. This database can be consulted by citizens and emergency services. The system consists of a wireless sensor node equipped with several sensors that will communicate via Bluetooth with the Smartphone driver. A Smartphone 3G / 4G connectivity is used to send alarm messages, through Internet, to a central database. Finally, the system is tested in different conditions to check its effectiveness. With the use of this system, emergency services would be able to define escape routes for citizens who might be caught in a fire.

Pages: 28 to 33

Copyright: Copyright (c) IARIA, 2017

Publication date: November 12, 2017

Published in: conference

ISSN: 2326-9324

ISBN: 978-1-61208-601-9

Location: Barcelona, Spain

Dates: from November 12, 2017 to November 16, 2017

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